Who Is God? – Mungu Ni Nani?

MEDIA: Click here to watch video on Who is God?

The question “Who is God?” is a good question. It is better than asking “What is God?” This is because God exists, created us, loves us, is concerned for our being, desires to provide for us, and sent the Son to redeem us. If we were to ask “What is God?” we might be tempted to say that God is the infinite being, the creator, a presence, or something like that. In some respect, this would be true. But the first question brings us closer to understanding more of who God really is in His character and His love for us as revealed in the Bible.

The Bible teaches us that in all existence, from all eternity, there has been and always will be only one God. God was never created, is completely loving, completely just, completely holy, completely merciful, and that He desires the best for us. God is holy and He can have nothing to do with sin as the Bible says, “His eyes are too pure to look upon evil,” (Hab. 1:13). This does not mean that God cannot see what someone does that is wrong. It is a way of describing how holy God is. God cannot sin. He is perfect.

In Christianity, God is a Trinity. This means that God is three persons, not three gods. Technically, the doctrine of the Trinity states that in the one God is the person of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Each is not the same person as the other; yet there are not three gods but one. This is similar in analogy to the nature of time. Time is past, present, and future. The past is not the same as the present, which is not the same as the future. But, there are not three times. There is only one thing called time.

The reason the word “person” is used in describing the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit is because each exhibits attributes of personhood — not in a body of flesh and bones, but in personality. In other words, each has a will, loves, speaks, is aware of others, communicates with others, etc. These are attributes of personhood and we see the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit each demonstrate these qualities.

Because of the Trinity, God can become flesh in the form of the Son, and still exist in such a way so that He can run the universe. Therefore, the Son can communicate to us on our level.

Following are a couple verses that hint at the Trinity.

  • Matt. 28:19, “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.”
  • 2 Cor. 13:14, “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.”

The Bible says there is only one God: ”I am the Lord, and there is no other; Besides Me there is no God,” (Isaiah 45:5). Yet, the Bible teaches that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are each called God.

Below is a very brief chart that shows that each of the persons in the Trinity share the same attributes that only God shares. But remember, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit each have wills, and speak, etc. Therefore, we say there are are three persons.

FATHER SON HOLY SPIRIT
Called God Phil. 1:2 John 1:1,14; Acts 5:3-4
Creator Isaiah 64:8 John 1:3; Job 33:4, 26:13
Everywhere 1 Kings 8:27 Matt. 28:20 Psalm 139:7-10
All knowing 1 John 3:20 John 16:30; 21:17 1 Cor. 2:10-11
A Will Luke 22:42 Luke 22:42 1 Cor. 12:11
Speaks Matt. 3:17; Luke 5:20; 7:48 Acts 13:2

This article is also available in: Česky, Español, Norsk, Polski, 中文, 日本語

Courtesy of CARM – Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry or CARM.org.

CARM seeks to equip Christians with the truth, to expose the error of false religious systems, evolution, to teach apologetics, help Christians defend the faith, and to glorify the Lord Jesus.

 

Mungu Ni Nani?

Media: Bonyeza hapa kuangalia video ya Mungu ni Nani?

Swali la “Mungu ni Nani?” Ni swali nzuri. Yake ni bora kuliko kuuliza “nini Mungu?” Hii ni kwa sababu Mungu yupo, alituumba, anapenda sisi, ni kwa ajili yetu kuwa na wasiwasi, tamaa na kutoa kwa ajili yetu, na alimtuma Mwanae kutukomboa sisi. Kama tulikuwa na kuuliza “nini Mungu?” Sisi tupate kuwa kujaribiwa kwa kusema kwamba Mungu ni usio kuwa, Muumba, uwepo, au kitu kama hicho. Katika heshima, hii itakuwa kweli. Lakini swali la kwanza huleta yetu karibu na ufahamu zaidi wa Mungu ambao kwa kweli ni katika tabia yake na upendo wake kwa ajili yetu kama ilivyofunuliwa katika Biblia.

Biblia inatufundisha kwamba kuwepo wote, tangu milele yote, kumekuwa na daima itakuwa Mungu mmoja tu. Mungu kamwe umba, ni upendo kabisa, kabisa tu, kabisa mtakatifu, mwenye huruma kabisa, na kwamba Yeye tamaa bora kwa ajili yetu. Mungu ni mtakatifu na anaweza kuwa na kitu cha kufanya na dhambi kama Biblia inasema, “Macho yake ni safi sana kwa kuangalia juu ya maovu,” (Habakuki 1:13). Hii haina maana kwamba Mungu hawezi kuona nini mtu hana kwamba ni makosa. Ni njia ya kueleza jinsi utakatifu wa Mungu. Mungu hawezi dhambi. Yeye ni kamilifu.

Katika Ukristo, Mungu ni Utatu. Hii ina maana kwamba Mungu ni watu watatu, si miungu mitatu. Kitaalam, na mafundisho ya majimbo ya Utatu kwamba katika Mungu mmoja ni mtu wa Baba, na Mwana, na Roho Mtakatifu. Kila mtu si sawa na wengine, lakini kuna miungu watatu lakini mmoja. Hii ni sawa kwa mlinganisho na asili ya muda. Muda ni zamani, ya sasa na ya baadaye. kipindi si sawa na ya sasa, ambayo si sawa na ya baadaye. Lakini, kuna si mara tatu. Kuna jambo moja tu iitwayo wakati.

Sababu ya “mtu” limetumika katika kuelezea Baba, Mwana, na Roho Mtakatifu ni kwa sababu kila exhibits sifa ya personhood – si katika mwili wa nyama na mifupa, lakini katika maisha. Kwa maneno mengine, kila mmoja ana mapenzi, anapenda, anaongea, ni ufahamu wa wengine, mawasiliano na wengine, nk Hizi ni sifa ya personhood na tunaona ya Baba, Mwana, na Roho Mtakatifu kila kuonyesha sifa hizi.

Kwa sababu ya Utatu, Mungu anaweza kuwa mwili katika mfumo wa Mwana, na bado zipo kwa namna ili kwamba wanaweza kukimbia ulimwengu. Kwa hiyo, Mwana hawezi kuwasiliana na sisi katika kiwango chetu.

Zifuatazo ni wanandoa mistari ladha katika Utatu.

Mt. 28:19, “Basi, enendeni, kufanya wanafunzi wa mataifa yote, mkiwabatiza kwa jina la Baba na Mwana na Roho Mtakatifu.”
2 Kor. 13:14, “Neema ya Bwana Yesu Kristo na upendo wa Mungu, na ushirika wa Roho Mtakatifu, viwe nanyi nyote.”

Biblia inasema kuna Mungu mmoja tu: “Mimi ni Bwana, na wala hakuna mwingine, zaidi ya mimi hakuna Mungu,” (Isaya 45:5). Hata hivyo, Biblia inafundisha kuwa Roho Baba, Mwana, na Roho ni kila Mungu aitwaye.

Chini ni chati kifupi sana kwamba inaonyesha kwamba kila mmoja wa watu katika sehemu Utatu sifa moja ambayo Mungu hisa. Lakini kumbuka, Roho Baba, Mwana, na kila Mtakatifu kuwa taka, na kusema, nk Kwa hiyo, tunaweza kusema kuna ni watu watatu.

BABA MWANA ROHO MTAKATIFU
Kuitwa Mungu Wafilipi 1:02 Yohana 1:1,14; Matendo 5:3-4
Muumba Isaya 64:8 Yohana 1:03; Kazi 33:4, 26:13
Kila mahali 1 Wafalme 08:27 Mathayo 28:20 Zaburi 139:7-10
Kujua yote 1 Yohana 3:20 Yohana 16:30; 21:17 1 Wakorintho 2:10-11
A Je Luka 22:42 Luka 22:42 1 Wakorintho 12:11
Anaongea Mathayo 3:17; Luka 5:20; 07:48 Matendo 13:02

Makala hii inapatikana pia katika: Česky, Español, Norsk, polski, 中文, 日本语

Fadhila ya CARM – Christian Apologetics na Wizara ya Utafiti au CARM.org.
CARM inataka kuwapa Wakristo na ukweli, na nje ya makosa ya mifumo ya uongo ya kidini, evolution, kufundisha Apologetics, kuwasaidia Wakristo kutetea imani, na kwa kumtukuza Bwana Yesu.

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Posted on March 18, 2011, in God & Salvation. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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